Arabian Knights is an animated segment of The Banana Splits Adventure Hour, created by Hanna-Barbera Productions. The series is based on the Arabian Nights, a classic work of Middle Eastern literature.Once a peaceful country, Persia was run over by the powerful forces of the evil conqueror Bakaar, the Black Sultan. When all the states of Persia were overthrown, Bakaar invaded the capital city of Baghdad. Bakaar and his forces breached the royal palace and forcibly claimed the throne from Prince Turhan and ordered the prince to be killed. Prince Turhan fled away from the palace, be pursued by the guards of Bakaar. In his escape, the prince is helped by a magician named Fariik, who with his magic slipped away from guards. On their way to the state of El-Rabaal to seek aid from his Caliph uncle, Turhan and Fariik meet Raseem while being chased by the guards in the Caves of Doom. Raseem tells them that Bakaar's forces have already usurped the throne of El-Rabaal and imprisoned the Caliph and his daughter princess Nida. The trio then heads to El-Rabaal on Zazuum, Raseem's donkey.